26 GIAP-PVO (until November 22, 1942 26 IAP-PVO) throughout the whole war was used in the defense of Leningrad. It is one of the few units who, after promotion to the title of the guards did not change the number. Initially the regiment was part of 7 IAK-PVO (main fighter group used in the Winter War), while in 1942 it became part of 2 GIAK-PVO. In terms of equipment which had been used by the regiment is one of the more "experienced" units - its pilots fought on I-16, I-153, Yak-1, MiG-3, Hurricane, P-40 Tomahawk / Kittihawk, Spitfire, P -39 Airacobra, Yak-9 and La-5/5FN.
26 GIAP had on board a few very good pilots which had a ace status:
stLt Ivan Dmitrievich PIDTYKAN - 33 [23+10]
Maj Ivan Petrovich GRACHEV - 27 [18+9] - sole pilot of the regiment, who obtained victory in the Winter War.
stLt Vasilii Nikolaevich KHARITONOV - 26 [15+11]
Maj Ivan Pavlovich NEUSTRUEV - 26 [20+6]
LtCol Vasilii Antonovich MATSIEVICH - 24 [18+6]
Nikolai Nikolaevich APOLLONIN - 16
stLt Dmitrii Efimovich OSKALENKO - 15 [14+1]
Kapt Nikolai Gavrilovich SHCHERBINA - 11 [7+4]
Vasilii Artemovich KOREN - 10 [9+1]
Kapt Mikhail Ilyich RUMYANTSEV - 9
Nikolai Georgievich MOLTENINOV - 8 [6+2]
Nikolai Petrovich KHARITONOV - 5
mlLt Alexei Tikhonovich SEVASTYANOV - 5 [3+2]
"Mine" pilot was a top regiment ace on Spitfire.